independent india

Independent India: 70 years of independence

India’s freedom struggle, independent India, freedom fighters and their sacrifices; these are those words with which we have grown up. Behind these words, there is a sense of patriotism and never to give up attitude for our nation. This feeling of patriotism extends to its heights on 15th August because the day is celebrated as Independence Day of India. Moreover, this was the day when we had got the results of a century-old fight. Yes, it was the end of British era (Raj) who ruled India for almost 200 years. Thereby, through this post, I’ll tell you how we had decided 15th Aug 1947 as our independence day, how we got freedom and the situation now we are facing. Let’s start…

Why 15th August 1947:

On the mid night of 14th-15th Aug 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru raised the tri colour for the first time and independent India was born. Basically, the reason behind choosing the date was Lord Mountbatten and our astrologers. Lord Mountbatten – Viceroy of India had personal reasons for choosing this date because, on 15th Aug 1945, Japanese troops had surrendered in front of him during WWII. This made the date lucky for him.

But the problem was with great astrologers of India as the day was unfortunate for independent India. That’s why they decided to make it happen at midnight between 11:51 PM (14th Aug) to 12:39 AM (15th Aug). So finally, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru delivered the speech and holy shankh (conch) was blown for independence.

He said the following words,”Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially” he said. “At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history when we step out from the old to the new when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance.

independent India
The times of India: 15th Aug 1947

A road to independent India:

British entered India in 1608 when the ship of British East India company reached at the port of Surat, Gujarat. For the next century, East India company established no. of factories for the purpose of trade (silk and spices) only rather than establishing an empire. Thereafter, in the 18th century when Mughals started losing their hands in India, East India company got a chance to extend their hands to India. Henceforth, they started their command over Indian rulers and finally took control over India.

However, this wouldn’t remain for a long time. In 1857, Mangal Pandey (sepoy) along with Bahadur Shah Zafar (last Mughal emperor) took a brave step against the East India Company (sepoy mutiny 1857) and brought a major change in people’s minds (sense of freedom). Subsequently, over the next 90 years, India faces large no. of mass movements and civil unrests which lead to mass agitation.

independent india
India’s 90-year-old struggle

Important events that led India to the road of independence: non-corporation movement, Satyagraha, civil disobedience, quit India movement, poorn swaraj, Indian independence movement. And finally, in the midnight of 14th Aug 1947, a large mob gathered around Lal Kila (Red Fort) of Delhi, to celebrate independence. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru addressed the gathering and announced independent India and raised the Indian flag.

independent india
Gathering around thr Lal Kila to celebrate Independent india

Important leaders and authors of struggle:

Undoubtedly in the 90-year-old struggle, India had undergone many major agitations which have given us independence. In this struggle, we had seen hundreds of freedom fighters, who struggled and even laid their lives for India. So let’s bow down in front of some of the leaders:

Independent India
Leaders of independent India

Hence, in the struggle for freedom, we all (ministers, poets, novelists and civilians) came together and attain poorn swaraj.
Now one main question arises:- Did we really got independence or we are still getting suppressed by certain elements.

Are we independent???

Today, we see India as a strong, powerful developing nation that has both achieved and lost many things. Whether it is before independence or after it. If I say, we have developed ourselves as the superpower in terms of defence securities, nuclear power, Mars mission, economy, etc. etc. even then we cannot forget how we are suppressed under the trauma of losing lives. Actually, the kind of trauma I’m talking about is in relation to the following situations:

  • The trauma of Partition directly after getting independence where two dominions were born after sacrificing millions.
  • The trauma of getting attacked by the two foreign lands (Pakistan and China). Especially from Pakistan, that had attacked India several times after independence. Indian soil has faced war with Pakistan in 1947, 1965, 1971 and in 1999. In all these wars, however, the glory falls in the hands of India only (proudly).
  • The trauma of regular terrorist attacks from the side of Pakistan is hurting us annoying us. We keep on giving warning to Pakistan and terrorist groups.
  • The trauma of dirt, impurity and disease: We are not new to this trauma. We all know the situation. India is still on the 3rd nation in terms of poverty. Great thanks to PM Narendra Modi’s Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in this regards. But it is only us who can bring the change or cleanliness in society.
  • There comes trauma of mentality: It is only we who have to change the mentality towards seeing things and our nation. Our nation needs those people who can raise our nation with positive mentality rather than criticise it. Like for example, today we see a lot of people spreading unrest in our country. For that reason, I want to express my feelings…

I want to put forward some questions in front of you:

Why do we want independence? Or why do they (freedom fighters) want to see free India? Why did Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel convince 552 princely states to accede to India? Why Subhash Chandra Bose give a revamp to New Indian Army (the army which guards our country at borders)? The revolutionary like Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev throw a bomb on the corridors of British Assembly, why? What did Gandhiji was thinking while taking India to the gates of freedom?

So that,

They could see some anti-nationalist elements (students, politicians or others) can shout slogans like “Bharat tere tukde honge hazaar” or “Bharat ki barbaadi tak, jung rahegi-jung rahegi“. Or so that they can file a petition to save Afzal guru (killer of our soldiers and the one who attacked the Parliament). These anti-nationalists are going to term Afzal Guru as a martyr. Is this what Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel thought of?

Mahatma Gandhi was a clean person and non-violent person. He would have never that thought that India will remain as a polluted country. He would have never thought that people don’t want a toilet and want to go out in open.

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee wrote the poem “Vande Mataram” and Rabindra Nath Tagore wrote our national anthem so that Indians can stand together as a unit. They just want to inspire people for freedom. But they would have never thought that someone will link it to the religion. Today we fight over whether we should sing our national anthem or not. Some people even say these songs spread Hinduism.

Congress leaders compare Army chief as “sadak ka gunda (street punk)” and army as “gunda raj (hooliganism)“. This happens when our soldiers face every bullet of the enemy so that we can live safely. Our Indian army ranks 4th most powerful army in the world and still, it is “gundaraj” haha. Is this the Congress what Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi had made?

People in Kashmir throws stones on Indian Army – the same army who came there as an angel when there was a flood. Seriously speaking, whenever some natural disaster occurs, the army takes care of people (irrespective of religion). Thanks to Subhash Chandra Bose for such a bold army.

This is not the truth:

I just know, that, for the sake of the nation, our freedom fighters had gone to Jail, they were tortured, molested and even murdered. But for whom? For us only so that we can live independently. Sometimes I think that it is us who haven’t experienced and suffered such loss for the nation. That’s why we never think to change our mentality and our attitude towards the nation. It is only us who can bring the change. Even “I” stand for “India”, “I” stand for “independence” and “I” means I (us). We should first change our mentality towards our nation work for it. Now it’s up to you how you’ll take it..what you’ll do for India?

independent India
New Independent India was born

One last thing, today, we love to celebrate independence, we love to sing patriotic songs and watch movies. We organise functions in our society, our office and in schools and colleges. We should bow and give thanks to this, but at the same time we should contribute to our nation everyday.

70 years of sacrifices, 70 years of freedom and 70 years of independence… Happy independence day

If you like my post and want to comment your views as well, you can do it right below and also you can follow me on Instargram and twitter.

Share This:

60 comments

  1. Satish

    Good words. Nice to read about the great freedom fighters.

    Reply

  2. Mal IntoTheCity

    That’s a very interesting read. I have to say, I don’t know much about the history of India (apart from the information in the media which isn’t always accurate) so it’s good to read the article from the actual Indian citizen’s perspective.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Thanks a lot for taking interest in Indian history. Thanks for your kind words.

      Reply

  3. an.item.abroad

    Very informative and thoughtful writing.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Thanks a lot for your comment.

      Reply

  4. Elizabeth O

    Awesome. Independence day is very important tin every nation. Because it is the time that they reminisce the bravery and sacrifices of their people in fighting for their freedom.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Truly said, Elizabeth!! Thanks.

      Reply

  5. A Busy Bees Life - Sheri

    It is nice to read about the independence day and to learn a little more about the background and history of India.

    Reply

  6. elenasts

    This was a nice read since I am not very familiar with the history of India. Happy belated Independence Day.

    Reply

  7. alisonrost

    My career job is in IT and I lead a team of people who work both in the U.S and also in India. So when posts I’m lucky enough to read posts like this, it reminds me of them. I was listening to a podcast this week about Indian history. It’s Malcolm Gladwell’s Revisionist History and the name is The Prime Minister and the Prof. It’s about how a friendship between Churchill and his best friend Frederick Lindemann shaped India. Required listening for history buffs! http://revisionisthistory.com/episodes/15-the-prime-minister-and-the-prof

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Thanks, Alisonrost!! Good to hear that you have read similar kind of posts. However, I have some views regarding Churchill. Winston Churchill is seen as the greatest Briton ever but, he was more indulge in doing politics in India and was involved in a lot of controversies (including World war II). I find him more of a racists type character. Under his power, India and Afghanistan were facing famine attack. etc..etc..seriously history buffs!!

      Reply

  8. London Mumma

    Well done to India, can not believe it is 70 year already! A beautiful thing to celebrate.

    Reply

  9. Via Bella

    I was talking to a (new) friend last night about the fact that she is worried about things on both sides of her own country, India. That they get confused for Pakistan all the time (shocked honestly) and that they don’t want to be hurt because of some pre conceived idea.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Even I don’t get what actually Pakistan wants!!Every day they violate ceasefire!! Terrorist attacks, killing our military soldiers!! On this day 70 years back both had got independence and contracted to live peacefully and to maintain brotherhood. But they keep on insulting India and incite India….again a long topic. haha!!
      By the way, don’t take tension! Thanks for the comment.

      Reply

  10. Angela Milnes

    What an Interesting read and a worth reading In fact August 15th was a Holiday here in our city.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Ohh! haha..good to know this “Holiday”!! Thanks a lot, Angela!!

      Reply

  11. hal

    i remember seeing that in an article the other day – its a big deal and very important to celebrate and reflect on the struggles in the past and how the hard work still continues in order contribute more to the country for now and for the future

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Absolutely, remembering those who had fought for our country and who had laid their life is a big deal. Their patriotism towards the country and their sacrifices should not be wasted at all. That’s what had made me write this.
      By the way, thanks for the comment.

      Reply

  12. Nyxloves

    As a proud Indian, I admire the history and accomplishments of our country. I agree with each and every word in this post and I really don’t know where our youth is moving towards. Dirty politics is like a leech that is sucking every bit of nationalism and rationality in our country. Thanks

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      I can’t say many but off-course some youth are misguided and they are misguiding others as well. It is also true that our political system is sinking and sucking our India. However, our current ruling party is really doing a great job and trying to resolve all these situations. Let’s see what’ll happen in the coming years…!! Best wishes for India.

      Reply

  13. Nayna Kanabar

    Being Indian but living outside of the country means that I miss out on all these wonderful celebrations. I really enjoyed reading your post on the history of Independance.Its very informative and well written.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Thank you so much Nayna!!

      Reply

  14. Catvills

    Happy Independence Day to you and your beautiful people. I had a friend from India, from Chennai. He was a workmate before but I have lost contact with him after I went back home. It is always nice to learn about another country’s history and culture. Thanks for sharing yours with us.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Thank you too for commenting your thoughts. Good to hear that you had an Indian friend as your workmate. And thanks for the wishes.

      Reply

  15. lifewithdaughters

    Sorry comment is so late, happy independence day. You have great info on this blog and I learned more about this history that I know so little of.. thank you

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      There’s nothing to say sorry! Haha… It is always good to know about the history you don’t know about. Thanks for your comment.

      Reply

  16. Jen S

    Very informative post, thank you! Happy independence day, hope you got a chance to celebrate 🙂

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Yes, I celebrated it with full enthusiasm. Thanks, for your comment Jen.

      Reply

    2. Takara Ayana

      Happy Independence Day to you! I didn’t know that India was under British rule for so long but I am not surprised at all. Hope you enjoyed the day!

      Reply

      1. prateekgoel

        Haha!! Thanks Takara for your comment!

        Reply

  17. Yukti

    Happy Independence Day to you and all Indians. I agree with you on each and every word of your post. We expect lots from government but we are not changing ourselves. Who we are? We are also part of government by many means. We always curse corruption but somehow in every day to day of life we do it and blame others. First we should take pledge to convert ourselves with all ourselves by following values of life and we can see a changed nation.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Yes, you have rightly said about my post! Thanks, Yukti! There is nothing more to say about it. If people like you, me and all could understand the main problem, then India will rise more aggressively.

      Reply

  18. aniahalama

    Happy Independence day. I’m Polish-American so I celebrate two but I think it’s always so fascinating to know about a country I don’t know much about.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Good to know about you!! Haha…how do you feel while celebrating two independence. Thanks for commenting Aniahalama!

      Reply

  19. Claire (@clairebeary94)

    Omg this is an interesting read. In fact August 15th is also a holiday for South Korea because we finally got freedom from Japan in 1945.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Haha.. happy independence day to you too!!

      Reply

  20. thewebshrink

    Very nice history lesson. Knowing very little about Indian history, I found this very informative. Being an American with Irish decent and having one of my best friends an American of Indian decent, we often joke that we’re bound by our ancestors fight against the British! 🙂 Great article!

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Great! What a great combination American-Irish-Indian. Good to know about your friend with Indian descent.
      Thanks a lot!!

      Reply

  21. Jhilmil

    You re-ignited those memories once again. Proud to be an Indian, salute to our heroes who got us this day. Happy Independence day.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Thanks a lot, Jhilmil!! True Indian. I hope you liked it.

      Reply

  22. Ana De-Jesus

    A very happy independence day too you. It breaks my heart that India went through so much suffering before it became an independent nation but pleased that India fought back control. I often take for granted how many rights the UK has and it humbles me to know that there are people out there who have suffered but still remain strong and triumphant .

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Thanks, Ana for thinking so much! India allowed them to trade, but they went on beyond to control India. I think if they remain in India for trade then, such thing may not have happened. Anything you take for granted had a bad impact after-all. The same had happened with the UK also.

      Reply

  23. BP

    A nice piece of history I had very little knowledge about. It is wonderful to see your love for your country and respect for your freedom fighters.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Thanks, BP! Yes, we should always love our mother nation!!

      Reply

  24. Tania Potter - Soul Sense Coaching

    Happy Independence Day! It is so interesting to hear some of the history of India. Although I have visited India, I really know very little about the history.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Isn’t it fascinating (struggle and how well India is rising)! There is a lot about India that you’ll see. Hope you like it.

      Reply

  25. Shelley Allsop

    Such a thought-provoking post highlighting the struggles that people went through. It’s good to have our eyes opened to thinks that we are often blind to.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Thanks a lot for your comment Shelley!! We most of the time ignore such things which really matters a lot.

      Reply

  26. Aditi

    First of all a very Happy Independence Day to you Prateek. This was such an impressive post and it pointed out the most important thing – we have to change our mentality to do things for our nation, the nation that we got after so many struggles that our ancestors went through. Just sharing patriotic messages, wearing tricolour clothes, updating status on social media is not going to help unless we have that spirit for our country 24*7 within ourselves. We have to stop taking our independence for granted. I do not take that independence for granted.

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      You got me Aditi!! The crux of the post is our mentality especially. Just doing the things that make us feel patriotic is not enough! We have to work for our country and change our mentality towards seeing the situations and things. First, it is only we who can make a change, and then it is the government.
      Thank you very much for liking and commenting on my blog.

      Reply

  27. Made Adayasa

    Happy Independent day , we are here got our independent just 2 days after India . A lots of sad story and even until now we are struggling with corruption.

    Happy to read the story of your country

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Even I would love to read the independence story of your country!! By the way Happy independence day to you too in advance!!
      Yes, it is very true!! Corruption is the main root cause of all these saad stories.

      Reply

  28. howtodiyempire

    Happy independence day!
    I don’t know why, but the post seemed so filled with emotion and pride, it had a nice touch to it

    Reply

    1. prateekgoel

      Yes, it is filled with emotions and my true feelings!! Thanks a lot!!

      Reply

  29. Abhishek Joshi

    You got a nice blog. Good script

    Reply

Leave a Reply