Independent India: 70 years of independence
India’s freedom struggle, independent India, freedom fighters and their sacrifices; these are those words with which we have grown up. Behind these words, there is a sense of patriotism and never to give up attitude for our nation. This feeling of patriotism extends to its heights on 15th August because the day is celebrated as Independence Day of India. Moreover, this was the day when we had got the results of a century-old fight. Yes, it was the end of British era (Raj) who ruled India for almost 200 years. Thereby, through this post, I’ll tell you how we had decided 15th Aug 1947 as our independence day, how we got freedom and the situation now we are facing. Let’s start…
Why 15th August 1947:
On the mid night of 14th-15th Aug 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru raised the tri colour for the first time and independent India was born. Basically, the reason behind choosing the date was Lord Mountbatten and our astrologers. Lord Mountbatten – Viceroy of India had personal reasons for choosing this date because, on 15th Aug 1945, Japanese troops had surrendered in front of him during WWII. This made the date lucky for him.
But the problem was with great astrologers of India as the day was unfortunate for independent India. That’s why they decided to make it happen at midnight between 11:51 PM (14th Aug) to 12:39 AM (15th Aug). So finally, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru delivered the speech and holy shankh (conch) was blown for independence.
He said the following words,”Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially” he said. “At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history when we step out from the old to the new when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance.”
A road to independent India:
British entered India in 1608 when the ship of British East India company reached at the port of Surat, Gujarat. For the next century, East India company established no. of factories for the purpose of trade (silk and spices) only rather than establishing an empire. Thereafter, in the 18th century when Mughals started losing their hands in India, East India company got a chance to extend their hands to India. Henceforth, they started their command over Indian rulers and finally took control over India.
However, this wouldn’t remain for a long time. In 1857, Mangal Pandey (sepoy) along with Bahadur Shah Zafar (last Mughal emperor) took a brave step against the East India Company (sepoy mutiny 1857) and brought a major change in people’s minds (sense of freedom). Subsequently, over the next 90 years, India faces large no. of mass movements and civil unrests which lead to mass agitation.
Important events that led India to the road of independence: non-corporation movement, Satyagraha, civil disobedience, quit India movement, poorn swaraj, Indian independence movement. And finally, in the midnight of 14th Aug 1947, a large mob gathered around Lal Kila (Red Fort) of Delhi, to celebrate independence. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru addressed the gathering and announced independent India and raised the Indian flag.
Important leaders and authors of struggle:
Undoubtedly in the 90-year-old struggle, India had undergone many major agitations which have given us independence. In this struggle, we had seen hundreds of freedom fighters, who struggled and even laid their lives for India. So let’s bow down in front of some of the leaders:
Subhash Chandra Bose
Chandra Shekhar Azad
Sadar Vallabh Bhai Patel
Rani Lakshmi Bai
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Lala Lajpat Rai
Ram Manohar Lohia
Bipin Chandra Pal
Abdul Shah Zafar
Bankim Chandra Chatterji
Ram Prasad Bismil
Hence, in the struggle for freedom, we all (ministers, poets, novelists and civilians) came together and attain poorn swaraj.
Now one main question arises:- Did we really got independence or we are still getting suppressed by certain elements.
Are we independent???
Today, we see India as a strong, powerful developing nation that has both achieved and lost many things. Whether it is before independence or after it. If I say, we have developed ourselves as the superpower in terms of defence securities, nuclear power, Mars mission, economy, etc. etc. even then we cannot forget how we are suppressed under the trauma of losing lives. Actually, the kind of trauma I’m talking about is in relation to the following situations:
- The trauma of Partition directly after getting independence where two dominions were born after sacrificing millions.
- The trauma of getting attacked by the two foreign lands (Pakistan and China). Especially from Pakistan, that had attacked India several times after independence. Indian soil has faced war with Pakistan in 1947, 1965, 1971 and in 1999. In all these wars, however, the glory falls in the hands of India only (proudly).
- The trauma of regular terrorist attacks from the side of Pakistan is hurting us annoying us. We keep on giving warning to Pakistan and terrorist groups.
- The trauma of dirt, impurity and disease: We are not new to this trauma. We all know the situation. India is still on the 3rd nation in terms of poverty. Great thanks to PM Narendra Modi’s Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in this regards. But it is only us who can bring the change or cleanliness in society.
- There comes trauma of mentality: It is only we who have to change the mentality towards seeing things and our nation. Our nation needs those people who can raise our nation with positive mentality rather than criticise it. Like for example, today we see a lot of people spreading unrest in our country. For that reason, I want to express my feelings…
I want to put forward some questions in front of you:
Why do we want independence? Or why do they (freedom fighters) want to see free India? Why did Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel convince 552 princely states to accede to India? Why Subhash Chandra Bose give a revamp to New Indian Army (the army which guards our country at borders)? The revolutionary like Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev throw a bomb on the corridors of British Assembly, why? What did Gandhiji was thinking while taking India to the gates of freedom?
They could see some anti-nationalist elements (students, politicians or others) can shout slogans like “Bharat tere tukde honge hazaar” or “Bharat ki barbaadi tak, jung rahegi-jung rahegi“. Or so that they can file a petition to save Afzal guru (killer of our soldiers and the one who attacked the Parliament). These anti-nationalists are going to term Afzal Guru as a martyr. Is this what Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel thought of?
Mahatma Gandhi was a clean person and non-violent person. He would have never that thought that India will remain as a polluted country. He would have never thought that people don’t want a toilet and want to go out in open.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee wrote the poem “Vande Mataram” and Rabindra Nath Tagore wrote our national anthem so that Indians can stand together as a unit. They just want to inspire people for freedom. But they would have never thought that someone will link it to the religion. Today we fight over whether we should sing our national anthem or not. Some people even say these songs spread Hinduism.
Congress leaders compare Army chief as “sadak ka gunda (street punk)” and army as “gunda raj (hooliganism)“. This happens when our soldiers face every bullet of the enemy so that we can live safely. Our Indian army ranks 4th most powerful army in the world and still, it is “gundaraj” haha. Is this the Congress what Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi had made?
People in Kashmir throws stones on Indian Army – the same army who came there as an angel when there was a flood. Seriously speaking, whenever some natural disaster occurs, the army takes care of people (irrespective of religion). Thanks to Subhash Chandra Bose for such a bold army.
This is not the truth:
I just know, that, for the sake of the nation, our freedom fighters had gone to Jail, they were tortured, molested and even murdered. But for whom? For us only so that we can live independently. Sometimes I think that it is us who haven’t experienced and suffered such loss for the nation. That’s why we never think to change our mentality and our attitude towards the nation. It is only us who can bring the change. Even “I” stand for “India”, “I” stand for “independence” and “I” means I (us). We should first change our mentality towards our nation work for it. Now it’s up to you how you’ll take it..what you’ll do for India?
One last thing, today, we love to celebrate independence, we love to sing patriotic songs and watch movies. We organise functions in our society, our office and in schools and colleges. We should bow and give thanks to this, but at the same time we should contribute to our nation everyday.
70 years of sacrifices, 70 years of freedom and 70 years of independence… Happy independence day